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How to Choose the Right Crane for Your Project

How to Choose the Right Crane for Your Project

Nearly every lift and rigging job requires a crane, but not every crane will do the job. Because there are so many variables that make each project different from the next, there are multiple factors to consider when choosing the right crane. 

Crane Considerations 

The right crane isn’t a matter of preference. Because using the wrong equipment on a lift and rigging site can lead to dangerous consequences, it’s essential that every tool is tailored to specific details of the job. Here are a few of the most important characteristics to consider when choosing the right crane. 

  • Load size and weight – Using a crane that fits the weight requirements of a job is crucial. By choosing a crane that isn’t strong enough, you’ll waste valuable time in eventually finding a replacement. And by choosing a crane that far exceeds the required strength, you potentially waste money on unnecessary equipment. 
  • Height of the lift – Understand the height of the lift before making your crane selection, because the height limit determines the required boom length. Higher lifts require longer booms.
  • Type of terrain on site – Certain cranes can better handle certain terrain. When selecting one for your upcoming project, consider whether you’ll be working on a flat or uneven surface. 
  • Distance of the move – If you’re moving a weight that needs to travel a distance farther than the crane can reach after extension, you might need a specific type of crane that can accommodate mobility. 
  • Potential obstacles on site – Depending on the date and location of your project, there could be obstacles ranging from power lines to inclement weather that can influence the type of crane necessary. 

Types of Cranes 

Fortunately, there are a multitude of crane alternatives to fit even the most complicated lift and rigging operations. Some of the most common crane types include: 

  • Tower crane – Both large and lengthy projects can benefit from a tower crane. These cranes are secured to concrete, making them tall and tough enough to handle loads between 8 and 35 tons. However, tower cranes still have a hard time handling inclement weather conditions. 
  • Jib crane – Jib cranes are essential for lighter loads that require intense accuracy. Offered in both stationary and mobile versions, these cranes can rotate 180 or a full 360 degrees around a structure. 
  • Crawler crane – This mobile crane can handle all sorts of terrain, and it can lift loads anywhere from 80 to 825 tons. However, these durable machines come at a hefty price when including the cost of transportation, assembly, and actual crane parts. 
  • Overhead crane – Also known as a gantry crane, this type of crane functions atop an existing gantry, or frame of steel bars. Overhead cranes come in small, large, mobile, and stationary varieties to fit most types of terrain.   

If you need help choosing the right crane for your next project, contact the crew at Florida Wire & Rigging. Our team of lift and rigging consultants can guide you to the right equipment and even offer training courses to protect your crew and secure your equipment. To feel confident in your crane choice, contact us today at 800-432-2269.